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Les Boers

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La guerre des BOERS
 
 
 

République de l'Afrique du Sud
41,5 millions d'habitants.


1834 : Migration des Boers vers le nord ("Le Grand Trek").
1877-81 : Suite à l'annexion du Transvaal, reconnu indépendant en 1852
avec l'Orange, révolte des Boers qui obtiennent l'autonomie pour les républiques boers.
1884 : Découverte des mines d'or.  Les intérêts anglais et Boers divergent de plus en plus.
De 1899 à 1902 : Guerre des Boers et victoire anglaise.


Musée canadien de la guerre-Visite des salles d'exposition
L'époque victorienne -  La guerre Sud-africaine


La guerre Sud-africaine, déclarée par les Britanniques contre les Boers, au tournant du siècle, fut le premier conflit majeur auquel le Canada participa à titre de dominion.  Plus de 8 300 volontaires canadiens s'enrôlèrent pour le service outre-mer.  La plupart servirent dans la cavalerie.  Quatre d'entre-eux furent décorés de la Croix de Victoria.

La guerre eut peu de répercussions apparentes au Canada, si ce n'est qu'elle souligna la différence d'interprétation qu'en firent les Canadiens français et les Canadiens d'origine britannique.

Guide de Guerre, Paix et Sécurité
Centre D'Information Spécialisée
Collège des Forces Canadiennes
Guerres des Boers (1880-1881, 1899-1902)

The South African Military History Society (1)
The South African Military History Society (2)

Newsletter - December 1999
The Irish have a fighting tradition second to none

August 1998 News Sheet No 282
Why Dieppe?
Durban Branch
The Churchills in the Anglo-Boer War

Canada Goes to War
The story of Canadian participation in the
Anglo-Boer War,
Carmen Miller,
professor of history and dean,
Faculty of Arts, at McGill-Queen's University,
Montreal, Canada


However, while strengthening Canadian nationalism, the war did widen the division between British and French Canadians and launched the 20th century French-Canadian nationalist movement.  It also stimulated military reform and served as a dress rehearsal for WW1

The division between English-and-French-speaking Canadians was deepened, with the French speakers showing growing resentment at the apparent increase in the power of the Federal Government.  This partly explained the conflict over conscription which developed during WW1.
Canadian historians have tended to neglect their country's role in the Anglo Boer War partly due to the distaste felt at having joined a campagin to crush Afrikaaner nationalism

Military History Journal
Articles published during the last 31 years

Britain's shame' over Boer War
Jeremy Vine

Britain's Duke of Kent has launched the 100th
anniversary commemorations of the Boer War
in South Africa by acknowledging what he
called his country's dreadful abuses.

Almost 70,000 lives were lost in the war, which
began on 11 October 1899 and raged for more
than three years, until the British eventually wore
down the Boer resistance.

Only now are the thousands of black people,
who were forcibly enlisted on either side,
being properly remembered in what was known as
the "white man's war".

Correspondents say the fact that black people are being honoured
is part of the rewriting of the nation's past now
that the centuries of white rule has ended.

BBC news
Queen's regret over Boer War
November 10, 1999

The Queen has described the Boer War in South Africa
as a "tragic chapter" in history - but stopped short of apologising
for British atrocities during the conflict.

Boer women and children were detained in concentration camps
during the war, which took place between 1899 to 1902,
as the British responded to Boer guerrilla tactics.

Poor sanitation caused deaths from disease of almost 28,000 Boers
and many thousands of black refugees.

BBC -NEWS
Imperialism in the dock
the Boer War
November 10, 1999

It was called "The Last of the Gentleman's Wars",
but the Boer War, of 1899-1902 was in fact far from gentlemanly.

It took the vast force of the British Army three years of fighting,
three huge sieges and many battles with considerable loss of life,
to overwhelm the Boers (Afrikaners) and achieve victory.

At least 25,000 Afrikaners died in the war, most of them
in concentration camps. The war also claimed 22,000 British
and 12,000 African lives.

And now the descendants of the Boers want an
apology from the Queen.

The farms of Boers and Africans were destroyed and the Boer
inhabitants of the countryside were rounded up
and held in concentration camps.

The plight of the Boer women and children in
these camps became an international outrage -
more than 20,000 died in the carelessly run, unhygienic camps.

A pocketwatch given by Winston Churchill to a
man who helped him escape a prisoner-of-war
camp has fetched £9,775 at auction
October 20, 1999

The engraved gold timepiece was sent to an
engineer who helped the former prime minister
during the Boer War.



 
 

Forum Avant-garde Québec
 La guerre des Boers :
L'Afrique du Sud -- bientôt un pays anglophone
Message No 2720   Patrick Andries   Jeu 13 Oct 99

La honte du Royaume-Uni -- Double honte pour Québec !
Message 2789  Jean-Luc Dion Mar 18 Oct 99

Toponymie Québécoise
Message 2798  Richard Gervais Mar19 Oct 99

Ce n'est pas le seul monument british à faire disparaitre
Message 2802 Jean-Marc Rioux Mar 19 Oct 1999

 
Adrien-Bertrand-1919.html

EMEUTES1918.htm

La-guerre-des-BOERS.html

22REGIMENT.htm
 

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